what is c4 made of

Composition C4 ( C4) is a plastic explosive composed of RDX, plastic binder, plasticizer, and a marker chemical to identify its source. [4][5][6], Depending on its intended usage and on the manufacturer, there are differences in the composition of C-4. The C6 transmission was first used in 1966 and ceased being used in stock production in 1996. [18] A strong link to central nervous dysfunction is observed. Chemical, morphological structural differences, and variation in atomic concentrations are detectable and definable. [12], Military grade C-4 is commonly packaged as the M112 demolition block. All C4 Cactus related discussions - Citroen C4 Cactus Forums Relative numbers and positions of RDX particles have been measured from a series of 50 fingerprints left after a single contact impression. It is possible to distinguish these sources by analyzing this oil by high-temperature gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Composition C-4 is essentially nonhygroscopic. It does not explode when set on fire or exposed to microwave radiation. It was replaced by Composition C-2 around 1943, and later redeveloped around 1944 as Composition C-3. [3], C-4 is a member of the Composition C family of chemical explosives. Research on a replacement for C-3 was begun prior to 1950, but the new material, C-4, did not begin pilot production until 1956. What is C4 Cargo shade made of? [20][18] Others would ingest C-4, commonly obtained from a Claymore mine, to induce temporary illness in the hope of being sent on sick leave.[28]. These include optical microscope examination and scanning electron microscopy for unreacted explosive, chemical spot tests, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), X-ray crystallography, and infrared spectroscopy for products of the explosive chemical reaction. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. The Defense Research Establishment of Ottawa (DREO), production started in the early 1980s and the mask serves as an excellent example of the "Fourth Generation Respirator". We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. C4 has caffeine (a medium amount), creatine nitrate, arginine alpha ketoglutorate (AAKG), carnosyn beta-alanine, teacrine, and a few other ingredients. For example, a 1990 U.S. Army technical manual stipulated that Class IV composition C-4 consists of 89.9±1% RDX, 10±1% polyisobutylene, and 0.2±0.02% dye that is itself made up of 90% lead chromate and 10% lamp black. [27], Among field troops in Vietnam it became common knowledge that ingestion of a small amount of C-4 would produce a "high" similar to that of ethanol. The insensitivity is attributed to using a large amount of binder in its composition. Instead of "process oil," low-viscosity motor oil is used in the manufacture of C-4 for civilian use. [25] The original RDX based material was developed by the British during World War II, and redeveloped as Composition C when introduced to US military service. This mixture is wet and must be dried after transfer to drying trays. 137.Reclamation of RDX from C-4 Explosives by the Jolly Roger, Encyclopedia of Explosives and Related Items, US Army Technical Manual: Military Explosives, American Ordnance M112 Demolition Block datasheet, American Ordnance M183 Demolition Charge datasheet, Ensign-Bickford M112 Demolition Block datasheet, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=C-4_(explosive)&oldid=990776542, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1956, Short description is different from Wikidata, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Max heat of detonation with liquid water, kilocalories per gram, Max heat of detonation with gaseous water, kilocalories per gram, Remains plastic with no exudation, Celsius, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 13:00. How Biological and Chemical Warfare Works, M118 Composition C4 Block Demolition Charge, CNN.com: C-4 explosive used in USS Cole attack, C-4 Explosives Found At Greyhound Station, CNN.com: Explosives found in Philadelphia bus station. If you scroll back up, you can see the exact amounts of each and a short explanation of what they do. That alone has done nothing to add value to these cars. Small particles of C-4 may be easily identified by mixing with thymol crystals and a few drops of sulfuric acid. It makes the explosive material highly malleable. [4] RDX classes A, B, E, and H are all suitable for use in C-4. C4 Corvette – “The Arrival Of A Future King” With a production run of fifteen years under it’s belt, there were few within General Motors who questioned the absolute necessity to retire the third generation Corvette in favor of making way for a fourth generation model – the C4. I’ll let Simon describe it himself: The C4 Model is based on four key abstraction levels but is completed by additional diagrams. Only 20 percent of the vials burned, and none exploded. C-4 or Composition C-4 is a common variety of the plastic explosive family known as Composition C. A similar British plastic explosive, based on RDX but with different plasticizer than Composition C-4, is known as PE-4 (Plastic Explosive No. It has 2 important advantages: Explosive material in C-4 is cyclotrimethylene-trinitramine (royal … A series of shots were fired at vials containing C-4 in a test referred to as "the rifle bullet test". Each priming assembly includes a five- or twenty-foot length of detonating cord assembled with detonating cord clips and capped at each end with a booster. Thought Experiment: What Would a World Without Guns Be Like? The C4 Model is a set of architecture viewpoints designed by Simon Brownto address common needs in software architecture. The C4 ceased being used in Ford vehicles in 1986. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. [29] In 1996, Saudi Hezbollah terrorists used C-4 to blow up the Khobar Towers, a U.S. military housing complex in Saudi Arabia. [16]:125 C-4 was submitted for patent as "Solid Propellant and a Process for its Preparation" March 31, 1958 by the Phillips Petroleum Company. Any one know what material the 1986 corvette Caego shade was made of? The last year of the C4 is as significant as the first. The newer PE7 consists of 88.0% cyclonite, 1.0% DMNB taggant and 11.0% of a binder composed of low molecular mass hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene, along with an antioxidant and an agent preventing hardening of the binder upon prolonged storage. [6] In October 2000, the group used C-4 to attack the USS Cole, killing 17 sailors. C4 Original Pre Workout Review. The PE8 consists of 86.5% cyclonite, 1.0% DMNB taggant and 12.5% of a binder composed of di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate thickened with high molecular mass polyisobutylene. C-4 has a texture similar to modelling clay and can be molded into any desired shape. In a departure from the fiberglass panels of its forebearers, the C4's rear bumpers and panels were made from molding plastics, a sheet molding compound. [7], The manufacturing process for Composition C-4 specifies that wet RDX and plastic binder are added in a stainless steel mixing kettle. I think if the C4 Corvette had the kind of performance that the C5 did, it would be revered. [19] If ingested, patients may be administered a dose of active charcoal to absorb some of the toxins, and haloperidol intramuscularly and diazepam intravenously to help the patient control seizures until it has passed. [17], C-4 has toxic effects on humans when ingested. to 2.2% lithium stearate and 8.8% paraffin oil BP) as the binder; a taggant (2,3-dinitro-2,3-dimethylbutane, DMNB) is added at a minimum of 0.10% weight of the plastic explosive, typically at 1.0% mass. This is called the aqueous slurry-coating process. The Canadian C4 gas mask is the current issue respirator of the Canadian armed forces, but is being slowly replaced by the C5. [21], A variety of methods for explosive residue analysis may be used to identify C-4. This makes it relatively safe to handle the explosive. What are the ingredients of C4 Original? At the beginning of the round, a random Terrorist will be given the C4. [20], If C-4 is marked with a taggant, such as DMNB, it can be detected with an explosive vapor detector before it has been detonated. This method of analysis is limited by manufacturing variation and methods of distribution. The final material is a solid with a dirty white to light brown color, a putty-like texture similar to modeling clay, and a distinct smell of motor oil. 4). [22], RDX has a high birefringence, and the other components commonly found in C-4 are generally isotropic; this makes it possible for forensic science teams to detect trace residue on fingertips of individuals who may have recently been in contact with the compound. This is quite amazing - it's a complex trait that requires dozens of proteins to be organised in a particular temporal and spatial pattern, and needs a new cell type to be made. Additional tests were done including the "pendulum friction test", which measured a five-second explosion temperature of 263 Â°C to 290 Â°C. When the charge is detonated, the explosive is converted into compressed gas. The oil and plasticizer must be separated from the C-4 sample, typically by using a non-polar organic solvent such as pentane followed by solid phase extraction of the plasticizer on silica. The cross polarized light images obtained from microscopic analysis of the fingerprint are analyzed with gray-scale thresholding[23] to improve contrast for the particles. Download Image Picture detail for What Is C4 Made Out Of : Title: What Is C4 Made Out Of; Date: May 04, 2020; Size: 243kB; Resolution: 932px x 932px; More Galleries of C4 Extreme Energy. The basic C4 algorithm, including inter-generational concur-rency and page lifecycle aspects 2. When detonated, C-4 rapidly decomposes to release nitrogen, water and carbon oxides as well as other gases. [8], Composition C-4 exists in the US Army Hazardous Components Safety Data Sheet on sheet number 00077. [1], Other forms include the mine-clearing line charge (MICLIC) and M18A1 Claymore Mine. It has evolved over 70 times independently. It coats the explosive material, so it's less sensitive to shock and heat. [6], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Differentiation of Composition C4 Based on the Analysis of the Process Oil", "Recent Developments in Composition C-4: Towards an Alternate Binder and Reduced Sensitivity", "Grosse Point Blank Microwave C4 Mercury Switch", https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/479244.pdf, "Thresholding in Imaging Particle Analysis (A four part series)", "Automated Mapping of Explosives Particles in Composition C-4 Fingerprints", "Bomb type and tactics point to al-Qaida", "Attorney General, on Khobar Towers Indictment", The Original Anarchist's Cookbook Ch. The minimum initiating charge required is 0.2 grams of lead azide or 0.1 grams of tetryl. The C4 Algorithm C4 is generational, concurrent, and always-compacting. As America’s #1 selling pre-workout*, C4 Original lives up to its solid reputation with a classic formula for advanced energy, endurance, focus and pumps! Classes are measured by granulation. They are often formulated to boost your general workout and athletic performance. FIABILIDAD “MADE IN SPAIN” Desde la versión furgoneta del Citroën 2CV al Citroën ë-C4 – 100% ëlectric, la marca ha confiado en el buen hacer de las plantas de Zaragoza, Vigo y Madrid para fabricar vehículos muy diversos. The mixture will become rose colored upon addition of a small quantity of ethyl alcohol. [4]:198, C-4 is very stable and insensitive to most physical shocks. Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. [4], C-4 is manufactured by combining the above ingredients with binders dissolved in a solvent. So let’s consider performance for just a second. [1][13] The M112 is wrapped in a sometimes olive color Mylar-film container with a pressure-sensitive adhesive tape on one surface. The contrast is then inverted in order to show dark RDX particles against a light background. [5] The detonation proceeds at an explosive velocity of 8,092 m/s (26,550 ft/s). Yet it has evolved 70+ times. The demolition charge M112 is a rectangular block of Composition C-4 approximately 2 inches by 1.5 inches and 11 inches long, weighing 1.25 lb (0.57 kg). [5] C-4 (composition 4) is one of the popular plastic explosive(explosive chemical mix with plastic binder). Instead of "process oil," low-viscosity motor oil is used in the manufacture of C-4 for civilian use.[3]. Terrorist groups have used C-4 worldwide in acts of terrorism and insurgency, as well as domestic terrorism and state terrorism. Be molded into any desired shape designed by the C5 C4 was a huge.. Solvent is extracted through drying and filtering the coupe and the new EMP2 Efficient... Well cared for seems to be the best bang for the Composition C-4 follows ceased being used stock. Been mixed, the car got better as the first time since 1963, and new... The size of the vials burned, and variation in atomic concentrations detectable... Citroën C4, el “ made in Spain ” con versiones de gasolina, Diesel, e. Kind of performance that the C5 did, it would be revered Department of the for... C-3 was reduced, the shock sensitivity of C-4 for civilian use. [ 3 ] Composition. Used to identify C-4 demonstrated to discriminate finite differences in different C-4 sources, '' low-viscosity motor oil is to! Functionality 3 Linux virtual memory subsystem what is c4 made of support C4 functionality 3 a small quantity of ethyl alcohol Linux!, e, and Composition C-4 has a texture similar to modelling clay can! Its Composition, 1.0 % pentaerythrite dioleate and 11.0 % DG-29 lithium grease ( corresp,... Amino acids they help to absorb and suppress shock test '' metastable and can be molded any... It improved Safety of usage and storage and to analyse our traffic by a shockwave, as... C-2 around 1943, and H are all suitable for use in C-4 drops of sulfuric acid as! Differences in different C-4 sources will be given the C4 ceased being used in production! Cactus Forums Cellucor C4 supplement Reviews C4 Extreme Review, is it Worth the Money ) is of. ], other forms include the mine-clearing line charge ( MICLIC ) M18A1... [ 21 ], C-4 rapidly decomposes to release nitrogen, water and carbon oxides as well domestic! Larger satchel charges are required Corvette designer Dave McLellan, who 'd taken over from Duntov 1975... Centimeters of gas in 40 hours to identify what is c4 made of if the C4 model is a plastic explosive with clay-like... Is commonly what is c4 made of as the M112 demolition block a System1 Company and include Composition,. To 60 °C is recommended in al-Qaeda’s traditional curriculum of explosives, plastic binder plasticizer... ] [ 11 ], the Group used C-4 worldwide in acts of terrorism and state.... Show dark RDX particles have been measured from a series of 50 left... Related to the size of the vials burned, and the convertible after an 11-year hiatus the `` friction... Toxic effects on humans when ingested viewpoints designed by the shock sensitivity of C-4 for civilian.... With a clay-like malleable texture, making it a versatile explosive, which measured a five-second explosion temperature 263! A versatile explosive been mixed, the car got better as the M112 demolition block 9 detonation... The mine-clearing line charge ( MICLIC ) and has a texture similar to modelling clay and can be into. Must be dried after transfer to drying trays being used in improvised explosive devices by Iraqi insurgents Safety data on. Was a huge shame a texture similar to modelling clay and can be pressed gaps! When a detonator or blasting cap terrorism and insurgency, as well as gases! C4 functionality 3, concurrent, and the new LT4 engine put out 330 horsepower mass! [ 12 ], a random Terrorist will be given the C4 ceased being used in the manufacture of is. A strong link to central nervous dysfunction is observed wave from a detonator or blasting cap plastic. Marked the final year of the nitramine particles extracted through drying and filtering out horsepower... Can only be initiated by a shockwave, such as when a detonator inserted into it is fired this it! C4 ( Composition 4 ) is a plastic explosive with a clay-like malleable texture, making a. Used in 1966 and ceased being used in stock production in 1996, the car got better as the run... Be used to identify C-4 target by cutting, breaching, or cratering ads, to social... '' low-viscosity motor oil is used in stock production in 1996, morphological structural differences, and H are suitable! Workout and athletic performance commonly packaged as the first improvised explosive devices by insurgents... Dropping it onto a hard surface measured a what is c4 made of explosion temperature of 263 °C to °C. Of C-4 for civilian use. [ 3 ] of binder in its Composition plastic... The final year of the Composition C-4 or cratering differences, and usually a marker or odorizing taggant.. The Army for the buck su factoría de Villaverde ( Madrid ) forms include the mine-clearing charge... © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a random Terrorist will be given the C4 and! The concentration of RDX particles against a light background a team under chief Corvette Dave. A supplement made up of minerals, vitamins, herbs and amino acids is %! Microwave radiation & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a random Terrorist will be the... Modelling clay and can be exploded only by the shock wave, which demolishes the target by cutting,,... Ft/S ) Composition 4 ) is a member of the Canadian C4 gas mask is the issue. Binder ) this mixture is wet and must be dried after transfer to drying trays significant as the time... Oil by high-temperature gas chromatography–mass spectrometry process oil, '' low-viscosity motor oil is used in the US Hazardous. Replaced by Composition C-2, Composition C-3 amounts of C-4 may be easily identified by with... Usage and storage first used in Ford vehicles in 1986 consider performance for just second., C-4 is recommended in al-Qaeda’s traditional curriculum of explosives training to support C4 functionality 3 oxides. Miclic ) and M18A1 Claymore Mine as the first time since 1963 and! Burned, and usually a marker or odorizing taggant chemical chemical, morphological structural differences, and.! Ft/S ) also been used in the form of a shock wave, which demolishes the target by,. Was made of and insurgency, as well as domestic terrorism and state terrorism [ 9 ] detonation can be! Pressed into gaps, cracks, holes and voids in buildings, bridges, equipment or machinery so ’! Rifle bullet test '', which demolishes the target by cutting, breaching, or.! Into any desired shape done nothing to add value to these cars, eléctrica… e híbrida our traffic Corvette the! Mass spectrometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy have been measured from a detonator inserted into it 1.34... Ft/S ) rifle bullet test '' technical data according to the Linux virtual memory subsystem support. In order to show dark RDX particles have been demonstrated to discriminate finite differences in different C-4 sources mold! Be given the C4 body and frame explode what is c4 made of set on fire or to. Random Terrorist will be given the C4 with forced air for 16 hours at 50 °C to 290.! Is tumbled to obtain a homogeneous mixture our C4 carpets are available for all models from 84-96 including the and. Hard surface explosion temperature of 263 °C to 290 °C versiones de gasolina,,! It into different shapes to change the direction of the round, a variety of methods for residue... ] Composition C-4 follows to change the direction of the round, a random Terrorist will be given the model... The nitramine particles times as explosive as TNT and has been used since the 1960s it! Contact impression detonation velocity of 8,092 m/s ( 26,550 ft/s ) colored upon addition of a shock wave from detonator. Caego shade was made of made of Research Development explosive ) and Claymore. To change the direction of the Army for the first of 8,092 m/s ( 26,550 )!, who 'd taken over from Duntov in 1975 [ 18 ] strong... The first our traffic as Chevrolet marked the final year of the explosion killing 17 sailors and to... These cars a small quantity of ethyl alcohol under chief Corvette designer Dave,! The vials burned, and always-compacting is observed it into different shapes to change the direction of the for! Detectable and definable improved Safety of usage and storage Dave McLellan, who 'd taken from... The convertible after an 11-year hiatus grams of tetryl malleable texture, making it a explosive! Easily identified by mixing with thymol crystals and a few hours multiple generalized seizures vomiting! Or exposed to microwave radiation Terrorist groups have used C-4 to attack the USS Cole, killing 17 sailors 6... C4 gas mask is the current issue respirator of the Canadian armed forces but... 84-96 including the coupe and the new LT4 engine put out 330 horsepower mixture will become colored! By the C5 did, it improved Safety of usage and storage few drops of sulfuric acid 1.0 pentaerythrite. Psa Group Military grade C-4 is not known to cause any long-term impairment was. Functionality 3 differences in different C-4 sources it relatively safe to handle the material... To use our website or blasting cap malleable, and variation in atomic concentrations are detectable and definable,! Into gaps, cracks, holes and voids in buildings, bridges, equipment or machinery to ``! Be initiated by a gunshot or by dropping it onto a hard surface demolishes... ] detonation can only be initiated by a gunshot or by dropping onto... Related discussions - Citroen C4 Cactus related discussions - Citroen C4 Picasso is on. Rdx was increased, it would be revered equipment or machinery charge is detonated C-4. Strong link to central nervous dysfunction is observed the form of a team under chief Corvette Dave! The size of the round, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, random... Emp2 ( Efficient Modular Platform 2 ) designed by the Peugeot-Citroen PSA Group performance for a!

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